What is constipation/ constipation meaning
Passage of faeces takes place in two phases. Propulsion from the colon and expulsion from the rectum. Interference with any aspect from this process may give rise to constipation. According to Ayurveda, constipation is usually a vaata disorder, particularly, if it is a long standing condition or in the elderly. It may also be due to high pitta (heat which dries out the stool) or high kapha (mucous congestion clogging the colon).
Assimilation and elimination are the two basic needs for natural health. Inactivity of the eliminating organ i.e., the colon causing retention of waste and morbid matter, which results in systemic poisoning or auto inoxidation.
When the colon does not function promptly,the result is an accumulation of offensive and highly poisinous wastes, which not only contaminate the body through absorption with the blood but also upset the whole digestive process. In general the residue is passesd into the colon or lower bowel and store there untill a convenient time comes to expel this refuse from the body. In this colonic garbage pile, there is no antiseptic digestive juice to prevent putrifaction and as a result, microbes generates toxins with great rapidity. Ayurveda calls it “Aama”.
How to know you are having constipation?
The normal duration between the time the food is taken untill the faeces is expelled, is normally between 16 to 24 hours. If residue remains for 24 hours or more, it gives rise to aama. There is a simple test to know whether you are constipated or not. Just consume small amount of charcoal and watch the stool there after. The black colour will make its appearance eventually in the stools. If it does not make it appearance in 16 to 24 hours, you are suffering from constipation. Also, you should note carefully how long the colour continues to be conspicuous because if it observed several hours after it makes its appearance, it indicates a true colonic congestion.
There are several several causes of constipation and constipation is also a symptom of several diseases. So while treating constipation, all the possible causes should be kept in mind.
The causes of constipation are many——constitution of the individual, habit of suppressing of the urge over long periods, absence of inavailability of articles habitually used before defecation, such as soking tobacco, drinking coffee or tea, frequent use of laxative purgatives etc., indigestion of vaata promoting food which is dry, powdery, cold, astringent, bitter, quickly digestive and residue free diet, very little food or starvation, plenty of exercising; intestinal obstruction by foreign body or due to intussusception, worms, impacted faeces; slow peristalsis due to deility during fevers, nervous diseases, tuberculosis, anemia etc.; Psychological factors like grief, sorrow, hatred ; ingestion of certain drug; inadequacy of water intake or excessive water elimination as in cases of vomiting, diarrhoea, diabetes.
SELF HELP GUIDELINES & AYURVEDIC REMEDIES for CONSTIPATION
Treatment is covered in three folds—-
Diet: To avoid constipation, drink a glass of water early in the morning after washing the face and mouth. It is better if water is kept overnight in a copper vessel. Or soak twenty to thirty black raisins in a glass of water at night and drink the water after adding juice and pulp of lemon to it. Some people are in habit to take bed tea for this purpose. The reflect action produced by bed-tea is different from the one produced by the cold water. The later only produces pressure, thus stimulating the intestines start their movement for evacuation. Tea, being hot, stimulates the intestine so strongly that its stimulating effect loses its significance after some days and the individual develops constipation apart from the diuretic action, which produces fluid loss thereby causing constipation.
In case of vitiation of vaata, oily food should be taken. Adequate oil and ghee should be included to ensure lubrication in the colon. It is a better idea, if you can take a glass of warm milk at bedtime after adding a teaspoon full of ghee to it. Adequate bulk should be taken as well, such as whole grains or bran. Beans, dry grains, cabbage, family plants, mushrooms and other light or dry food should be avoided. Spices, which balance digestion—asafetida, ginger, cardamom or fennel, should be taken with food to alleviate gas and promote the downward movement of vaata.
Pitta type of constipation often involves liver dysfunction with congestion or obstruction of the bile. Hence, hot spicy food should be avoided. Adequate fluids should be taken.
FOODS TO BE ADDED AND TO AVOID IN CONSTIPATION
If you are having kapha type of constipation, then you have to avoid foods like sugar, cheesa, curd, bread, potatoes and pork.
- Wheat is better than rice in case of constipation.
- Eat plenty of foods and leafy vegetables.
- Use whole meal floor and not refined floor.
- Papaya and sugarcane are very effective in relieving constipation.
- Avoid fried food. The body takes a long time to digest them.
Drugs: The best evacuate is castor oil. Castor oil is not only useful for bowel evacuation but also has therapeutic and curative values. All other purgatives produce roughness while castor oil produces unctuousness. The castor oil used, should be purified and diluted. Castor oil prepared through ghaani is found better than the present market preparation. 20-30 ml. of this oil is to be taken with warm milk. Triphala powder is very popularly used by the ayurvedic physicians for the treatment of chronic constipation. It contains three drugs namely— Hareetaki (hard), Vibheetaki (Beleric myrobalan), Aamalaki(amla). Of these three drugs, hareetaki alone works as a purgative. But while manifesting its action, it produces certain adverse effects like gripping pain and wind formation in the stomach. To avoid these adverse effects and to make it more useful as a tonic, the remaining two drugs are added. Triphala powder is used in two different ways. One or two teaspoonful of this powder is mixed with a cup of warm milk and some sugar is added to it. It is to be taken at bedtime and its purgative effect is manifested early morning. For those having chronic constipation, the powder alone does not effect. It is to be taken as a decoction prepared by boiling 20 gram of the powder in 16 times of water and reducing it to one-fourth. The powder is to be filtered and the liquid taken. Since it is strong, 2 to 4 teaspoonfuls of honey may be added to it, if needed.
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There are other medicines, which help eliminate chronic chronic constipation by strengthening the intestinal valves and their functions. One such drug is known as Agastya rasaayana. `Two teaspoonful of this drug should be taken regularly, twice a day along with any hot drink of choice. Other drugs include Pancha sakaara choorna, Abhaayadi modaka, Madhu yashtyaadi choorna etc. These should be taken under medical supervision only.
MEDICINES FOR CONSTIPATION
- In cases of severe constipation, ayurvedic detoxification procedures like Vasthi karma (enema therapy), Virechana karma (purgation therapy), Udvartana massage (to strengthen the abdominal organs) are recommended.
- As constipation is a habit, the over coming of it must become a habit too. One does not feel the urge of it. Itshould be a partof daily routine.
- Deficient mastication is unquestionably one of the most important causes of constipation. The digestive process can not be carried out properly when the stomach and the small intestines are called upon to do triturating and macerating, ordinarily done in the mouth.
- Physical exercises are must.
- Cut down your mental worries and anxieties. Avoid over exposure to severe heat or wind.
- Sukhavirechana vati 1/2 or 1 tablet with warm milk at bed time, is an effective remedy for constipation. Dry ginger powder along with senna leaves powder in equal quantities taken with a cup of lukewarm water at night can help in passage of stools.
So friends, In this article i explained symptoms, causes, prevention, home remedies and medicines for constipation in brief. Hope this information will help you a lot.