What is Eczema/ Dermatitis
The general predisposing causes are: age, familial tendency, allergy, debility, climate, and psychological factors. Eczema usually occurs in infancy, at puberty and menopause. There is usually a family history of allergy, such as asthma, eczema and hay fever. General physical debility predisposes one to eczema by lowering the resistance of the individual. Climatic extremes such as heat, dampness and severe cold, and also, psychological stress promote the development of eczema. Local factors, for example, dry and greasy skin, excessive sweating, and varicose veins predispose to eczema. The sign and symptoms of paama and vicharchika, that are described in Ayurveda, may be correlated with eczema or dermatitis.
TYPES OF ECZEMA
- Atopic eczema is the commonest form of eczema and is closely linked with asthma and cold symptoms. It can affect both children and adults, usually running in families. It is proposed that people with atopic eczema are sensitive to allergens in the environment, which are harmless to others. In atopic type, there is excessive reaction by the immune system producing inflamed, irritated and sore skin. One of the most common symptoms of atopic eczema is its itchiness, which can be almost unbearable. Other symptoms include overall dryness of the skin, redness,and inflammation. Constant scratching can also cause the skin to split, leaving it prone to infection. In infected eczemma, the skin may crack and weep(wet skin).
- Allergic contact dermatitis develops when the body’s immune system reacts against a substance in contact with the skin. The allergic reaction often develops over a period through repeated contact with the substance. For example, an allergic reaction may occur to nickel, which is often found in earrings, belt buckets and jeans buttons. Reaction can also occur after contact with perfumes, detergents, chemicals, rubber and such other substances.
- Infantile seborrhoetic eczema is a common condition affecting babies under one year old, the exact causeof which is unknown. It usually starts on the scalp or the nappy area and quickly spreads. Although this type of eczema looks unpleasant, it is not sore or itchy and does not cause the baby to feel uncomfortable or unwell. Normally this type of eczema clears in just a few months, though the use of medicated creams and bath oils can help to speed up the recovery.
- Adult seborrhoetic eczema characteristically affects adults between the ages of 20 and 40. It is usually seen on the scalp as mild dandruff, but can spread to the face, ears, and chest. The skin becomes red, inflamed and starts to flake. The condition is believed to be caused by the yeast or fungus growth.
Symptoms of Eczema / Dermatitis
- Redness, particularly on the face, genitals and area where the steroids were applied
- Thickened skin
- Swelling and puffiness
- Burning or stinging
- Dryness and cracked skin
- Excessive wrinkling
- Skin sensitivity and intolerance to moisturisers
- Frequent skin infections
- Excessive sweating and itching is a sign of recovery. Many sufferers also develop insomnia.
This disease is usually constitutional, through as we have seen, it is sometimes due to local influences. No matter where the eczema may appear, it must be remembered that the poisons eliminated through these skin manifestations are carried by the blood.
Therefore, eczema is really a blood or constitutional disease, so it must be treated as such. The ordinary methods of treating this trouble, with external applications alone, will be insufficient in most instances.
Diet should be followed in Eczema/ Dermatitis
- Breakfast: Boiled eggs
- Lunch: Chicken salad
- Dinner: Meat or fish with potatoes and vegetables
- Breakfast: Avocado on rice cake
- Lunch: Salad
- Dinner: Tacos with roasted vegetables, avocado, and cashew cream sauce or yellow curry with coconut milk, potatoes and veg
- Snacks: Lots of fruit and celery juice
Natural treatments for Eczema/ Dermatitis
One older study from 1999 used a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to investigate the effects of aloe vera on seborrheic dermatitis.
Over the course of 4–6 weeks, 44 adults with seborrheic dermatitis applied one of two treatments to their scalp twice per day. One group applied an aloe vera ointment, while the other applied a placebo.
Those applying the aloe vera ointment reported a 62% improvement in symptoms, whereas those in the placebo group reported a 25% improvement. The researchers concluded that aloe vera extract is successful in the treatment of seborrheic dermatitis.
Such treatment simply heals the surface sores without removing the constitutional cause. One should realise that this is a constitutional difficulty, and should proceed with an Ayurvedic blood purifying process, commencing with snehana[literally;to oleate,or;to make smooth’ with oily preparations ]
swedana [to induce sweatingby application of heat]and panchkarma [cleansing procedures -vamana’virechana;vasti,siro-virechana,and andrakata mokshana].
AYURVEDIC REMEDIES and Self-help Guidelines for ECZEMA
There are a number of ways to manage eczema all of which begin with an effective skin care routine.
- Use a mild soap or no soap on the eczema. warm starch bath in winter cold plain water in summer helps a lot. after the bath, blot yourself with a smooth towel and avoid rubbing.if there is dryness of skin,an oil, butter or ghee massage for about an hour before a bath, helps lubricate and soften the skin.do not take baths too often.add olive oil to the water.in addition ,take quick showers with warm [not hot ] water.washing your body with cold or warm water will help preserve your natural oils.our skin is supposed to be slightly acidic,and soap removes this very important acid mantle because it is alkaline. the slight acidity of the skin protects us from bacteria,fungi,and other micro- organisms.
- Avoid extremes of climate. moderate temperature,with fresh air and the mild sun are usually beneficial.
- Stay away from wool clothes and blankets.
- Try to keep away from excessive sweating. for example,do not wear too many clothes.
- Take light diet. Avoid allergenic foodstuffs like excessive salt, tea, coffee, alcohol, milk, eggs, cheese, fish, sugar, hot spices and food additives.
- Avoid cutting of vegetables especially garlic, onion, tomatoes, and ladies finger. Also avoid peeling of oranges. Be cautious about marking nut cashew nut, mustard, radish etc. , as these may contact dermatitis. The same is true with hair dies, kumkum, lipstick, face creams, nail polish and remover, eyebrow pencil, perfumes, depilafories, deodorants and perfumed hair oils.
- The other common offending substances are— rubber footwear, spectacle frames, furs, artificial jewellery, and synthetic clothes. Avoid contact with fluffy toys, grass, flowers and chemicals. Wear rubber gloves when you do housework. put a little cornstarch inside the gloves. Alternatively, try latex gloves lined with cotton.
- Do not fatigue yourself, either physically or mentally. Learn to live with in the limits of your mental and physical stregth, knowing your inborn weaknesses. It is a chronic but not a serious disease and therefore, do not get depressed. Avoid anger, resentment, and frustration. Rest to the affected part is recommended; bed rest becomes necessary in generalized eczemas.
- Apply the juice of the tender leaves of terminalia catapa (jangali badam) over the affected parts.
- The emulsion made from karanja tel ( oil extracted from pongamia pinnata seeds) and lemon juice is a very useful application.
- Prepare ointment by boiling together one part of til oil (sesame oil), 16 parts of milky juice of calotropics gigantica (madaara or arka or jilledu) and one part of turmeric. Apply it externally.
- One can expect cure by internal usage of tender leaves of tephrossia purpurea (Sarapunkha) in the form of expressed juice for a longer period.
- Pancha tikta ghrita guggul-2 teaspoonfuls mixed in warm ilk taken on empty stomach is an effective remedy for eczema.
- Kadirarista mixed with equal quantity of water, should be taken in the dose of 20 ml twice a day after meals.
- Mahaaanjistaadi kaada, saaribaadyarishta, gandhaka rassayana are some of the specific medicines that are used internally. Externally, mahaa-marichyaadi taila, guduchyadi tailam are advised.
So friends, In this article i covered all the symptoms, causes and useful remedies and Ayurvedic medicines to treat Eczema/ dermatitis effectively. you all will must be benefited by this. Thank you.