Meaning of Vaata, Pitta, Kapha and their causes

 Ayurveda is a science of life or longevity, which helps in the promotion of health, prevention of diseases and in achieving a long life. The basic philosophy of Ayurveda is based on the panchmahabhoota (five elements) theory.

This theory states that the universe as well as the human body is made up of five elements, namely air (vaayu), space (akash), earth (prithvi), fire (agni) and water (jal). These elements commbine to form controlling forces or biological humours called Dosha.

These dosha are responsible for sustaining the living body in its normal state and are of 3 types:

  1. Vaata
  2. Pitta
  3. Kapha

These controlling forces or the doshas act on the tissues of the body known as Dhaatus and help in the various physiological functions. The waste products formed as a result of various bodily functions are Malas, which are end products of the body.

Thus the science of Ayurveda deals with Doshas, Dhaatus and Malas.

What is the meaning of Vaata or Vata?

In a normal language Vaata means air. It is responsible for active movements of different organs and parts of our body.There are 5 types of Vaata:

  1. Praana: 

    Praana refers to functions of the brain and nervous system i.e. sensations of smell, taste, touch, hearing and vision, movements of upper and lower limbs, rectum and sex organs and breath.

  2. Udaana: 

    Udaana refers to movement of the chest, diaphragm and voice box. It controls movements of breathing out, sneezing and speech.

  3. Samaana: 

    Samaana refers to movements of the intestine along with digestion and absorption of the food substances.

  4. Apaana:

    Apaana refers to movements of the bladder, rectum, uterus and is important for passing urine, stools, menstrual fluids, semen and foetus (delivery).

  5. Vyaana:  

    Vayaana is concerned with movements of all kinds of voluntary and involuntary muscles. It is responsible for movements of the heart e.g. blood vessels, lymph is a white fluid present in different parts of the body glands and glands which produce hormones.

What are the symptoms of high Vaata?

The diseases caused by the disorders of Vaata are:

  • Asthma,
  • Epilepsy (fits) 
  • And other mental disorders,
  • Ueticaria (a skin disease)
  • Anaemia (lack of iron in blood)
  • Viral fever (due to temperature changes)
  • Obesity (increased weight gain)
  • Diabetes
  • Diarrhoea
  • Constipation 
  • Reduced function of thyroid and adrenal glands

What is the meaning of PITTA?

In a general language pitta is called as bile or the acidity. It is responsible for the chemical reactions that takes place in our body.

How many types of Pitta dosha?

Pitta dosha is of 5 types:

  1. Paachaka: 

    Paachaka is due to digestive enzymes and other chemicals in the body, which control the digestion and absorption of food substances.
  2. Ranjaka: 

    Ranjaka is responsible for haemoglobin (the iron-containing pigment in the blood) production.
  3. Alochaka: 

    Alochaka is responsible forthe biochemical activity of the eye, which is responsible for perception of vision.
  4. Saadaka: 

    Saadaka is responsible for the normal functioning of the mind.
  5. Braajaka: 

    Braajaka is responsible for removing waste products in the form of sweat and enhancing the natural glow of the skin.

 What are the symptoms of high Pitta?

The diseases caused caused by disorders of Pitta are as follows:

  • Toxic fevers
  • Hyper acidity (Gastritis)
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Jaundice
  • Anaemia
  • Bronchitis
  • Skin disease associated with pus formation 
  • All infections due to toxins, bacteria, viruses etc.

 What is the meaning of KAPHA?

Kapha is a watery element, some times it is soft and liquid and some times it is sticky.
It refers to promotion or growth brought about by secretions of different types by the organs. It is of 5 types:

  1. Kledaka: 

    Kledaka refers to secretion of the mouth, stomach and intestines, which dissolves the food destroy bacteria.
  2. Avalambika: 

    Avalammbika refers to secretion by the respiratory tract from the nose to the lungs and facilitates passing of air and flushes out foreign substances.
  3. Bodhaka: 

    Bodhaka is the watery secretion of the glands around the taste buds of the tongue, which help in perceiving the taste.
  4. Tarpaka: 

    Tarpaka refers to the cerebrospinal fluid which is a secretion surrounding the brain and spinal cord. It provides nutrition to the brain and protects it from toxic substances.
  5. Shleshaka: 

    Shleshaka is the fluid lying in the bones and joint spaces called as synovial fluid producing movements of bones and joints with ease. The watery fluid surrounding and protecting the heart and lungs are also referred to as Shleshaka kapha.

 What are the symptoms of high Kapha?

The diseases caused by disorders of kapha are as follows:

  • Common cold
  • Infection of the lungs and other parts of respiratory system,
  • Diarrhoea due to infection
  • Jaundice,  
  • Eczema
  • Pimples and other skin infections
  • Arthritis (painful joints)
  • Rheumatic heart disease
  • Swelling and infection of the kidneys(glumerulonephritis)
  • Peritonisis (swelling of abdominal cavity)
  • Encephalitis
  • Meningitis and other infections of the brain and 
  • Tumors of different parts of body.

What is the meaning of DHAATUS in human body?

Dhaatus is a substance which is responsible for formation of basic structure of body. There are 7-types of dhaatus:

  1. Lymph
  2. blood
  3. Muscle tissue
  4. Fat tissue
  5. Bone marrow
  6. Sperm
  7. Ovum

What is the meaning of Malas in human body in Ayurveda?

These are waste products of various dhaatus produced during the course of metabolic changes in the body. Examples of malas are

  1. Sweat
  2. Urine 
  3. Stool
  4. Gases
  5. Bile
  6. Earwax
  7. Nasal discharge
  8. Mucous secretions etc.

Thus a disease occurs due to imbalance of doshas, dhaatus and malas.
  So friends, in this article i explained the Meaning of Vaata, Pitta, Kapha and their causes.
Thank you.

I am a nutritionist, keep on researching on Ayurveda and naturopathy since years. Shares, effective Remedies and treatments in ayurveda. You will find all remedies & authentic research based Product Reviews for any disease or illness and for beauty. I'm dedicated to giving you the best of knowledge in natural way.

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